Startup capitalization - creation and allocation of shares

EmilioEmilio subscriber Posts: 1
edited January 2014 in Startup Funding
This article ... ation.html about startup capitalization says:
"You...incorporate...with a total of 100 Million Common (Authorized) Shares at a par value of $0.001...KPCB [the VC] decides to advance a term sheet to buy 10 Million of Series A preferred stock at a “pre-money value of $30,000,000 or $0.50 per share. You would float 10 Million Preferred shares at par value of $1 for KPCB to bring the “post money valuation” to $40,000,000. At this point, the VC firm has a 9.1% stake in your company (10M shares/110 M)."

I assumed the 10,000,000 shares would be allocated out of the pool of 100,000,000 shares.  But new shares appear to have been created - they expanded the share pool to 110,000,000 when those shares were allocated.

What are the mechanics of this?
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