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The World Meteorological Organization

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The World Meteorological Organization


The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for promoting international cooperation on atmospheric science, climatology, hydrology and geophysics.

What we do


As a specialized agency of the United Nations, WMO is dedicated to international cooperation and coordination on the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with the land and oceans, the weather and climate it produces, and the resulting distribution of water resources. 


National Meteorological and Hydrological Services work around the clock to monitor Earth Systems and provide vital weather and climate information worldwide. Their early and reliable warnings of severe weather and fluctuations in air quality as well as of climate variability and change allow decision-makers, communities and individuals to be better prepared for weather and climate events. Their warnings help save life and property, protect resources and the environment and support socio-economic growth. WMO supports National Meteorological and Hydrological Services with this work and in meeting their international commitments in the areas of disaster risk reduction, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and sustainable development.


WMO facilitates and promotes:




the establishment of an integrated Earth System observation network to provide weather, climate and water-related data

the establishment and maintenance of data management centres and telecommunication systems for the provision and rapid exchange of weather, climate and water-related data

the creation of standards for observation and monitoring in order to ensure adequate uniformity in the practices and procedures employed worldwide and, thereby, ascertain the homogeneity of data and statistics

the provision of weather, climate and water-related services - through the application of science and technology in operational meteorology and hydrology - to reduce disaster risks and contribute to climate change adaptation, as well as for sectors such as transport (aviation, maritime and land-based), water resource management, agriculture, health, energy and other areas

activities in operational hydrology as well as closer cooperation between National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in states and territories where they are separate

the coordination of research and training in meteorology and related fields.

Through its Technical Commissions, Programmes, Projects and Regional Offices, as well as its synergistic and public-private partnerships, WMO facilitates and coordinates an Earth system approach to the gathering and free exchange of observations, promotion and integration of research and the development and delivery of services in the areas of weather, climate and water.


The activities of WMO facilitate the maintenance and expansion of its Members' atmospheric, oceanographic and land-based observational networks; the free unrestricted exchange of the resulting data and information; and related capacity development and research in order to optimize the production of weather, climate and water-related services worldwide.



The WMO Operating Plan 2020-2023 translates the WMO Strategic Plan - which articulates the high-level vision, mission, core values and overarching priorities of the Organization - into specific actions by defining outputs to be delivered and annual milestones to be achieved. It also lists planned activities, indicates the resources available, and outlines performance indicators intended to measure progress in achieving the strategic objectives


Long-Term Goal 1: Better serve societal needs: Delivering, authoritative, accessible, user-oriented and fit-for-purpose information and services

Long-Term Goal 2: Enhance Earth system observations and predictions: Strengthening the technical foundation for the future

Long-Term Goal 3: Advance targeted research: Leveraging leadership in science to improve understanding of the Earth system for enhanced services

Long-Term Goal 4: Close the capacity gap on weather, climate, hydrological and related environmental services: Enhancing service delivery capacity of developing countries to ensure availability of essential information and services needed by governments, economic sectors and citizens

Long-Term Goal 5: Strategic realignment of WMO structure and programmes for effective policy- and decision-making and implementation

In order to achieve its long-term goals, WMO assists Members with technology transfer, training for capacity development, collaboration on research and the provision of weather, climate and water-related services. The Organization also contributes to policy formulation in areas related to weather, climate and water at national and international levels.


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